Original Title: Important Experience in Strengthening and Improving National Governance
The overall goal of comprehensively deepening reform is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to advance the modernization of national governance systems and capabilities. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that advancing the modernization of the national governance system and capacity is to adapt to the changes of the times. It not only reforms the institutional mechanisms, laws and regulations that do not meet the requirements of practical development, but also continuously builds new institutional mechanisms, laws and regulations to make all aspects of the system more Be scientific and more perfect, and realize the institutionalization, standardization, and proceduralization of the governance of various affairs of the party, state, and society. To achieve such a goal, it is important to conscientiously summarize China's experience in strengthening and improving national governance. In fact, since the founding of New China, the Communist Party of China has led the people to carry out socialist revolution, construction, and reform, and has achieved great achievements. It has also explored the governance of socialist countries and gained a lot of experience. To implement the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Party, adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, we should carefully summarize and apply these experiences.
Adhering to the party's leadership, the people being the masters of the country, and governing the country by law
In the 70 years since the founding of New China, the reason why a poor and backward old China can be built into a country that continues to prosper and develop today, the reason why the Chinese nation can usher in a great leap from standing up, getting rich to becoming strong, is the fundamental experience of adhering to the party Leaders, the people are the masters of the country, and the country is governed by law.
First, adhere to the party's leadership. The leadership of the Communist Party of China lies in the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation and the Chinese people. Experience has shown that the way to achieve party leadership under the conditions of governing is different from that in the revolutionary war years, and there are some new requirements for the content of the system and mechanism. Therefore, in order to strengthen and improve the governance of the country, we must constantly strengthen the party's ability to govern scientifically, democratically, and in accordance with the law in accordance with the new situation after taking power, and in the new environment of developing a socialist market economy, opening to the outside world, and carrying out socialist modernization.
Second, insist that the people be the masters of the country. As the master of the country and society, the people must realize their democratic rights through various systems. The development of socialist democracy is also an important task in advancing the modernization of the national governance system and capacity. In the 70 years since the founding of New China, our country has formed a series of systems that guarantee the people to be the masters of the country. To implement the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Party, we must sum up and apply the experience of adhering to these systems, so that these systems can be better implemented, and the specific content must be continuously improved to make these systems more operable. This will not only develop people's democracy, but also promote the continuous progress of China's national governance.
Third, adhere to the rule of law. Governing the country in accordance with the law is a profound revolution in state governance. The practice of 70 years since the founding of New China tells us that to adhere to the socialist system and ensure the people's enjoyment of democratic rights, we must constantly improve the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, centered on the Constitution, and put the various undertakings and tasks of the country on the track of the rule of law. When there is a law to rely on, there must be law to follow, law enforcement must be strict, and violations of the law must be investigated. To safeguard social fairness and justice, and to realize the institutionalization and standardization of the rule of law in the country and society, we must better play the important role of the rule of law in state governance and social management, comprehensively promote scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, fair justice, and law compliance by the people, and fully implement the rule of law. Requirements for the construction of the state, the government under the rule of law, and the society under the rule of law.
The party's leadership, the people being the masters of the country, and governing the country according to law must not be split apart, nor can they stand against each other. Instead, they must adhere to the organic unity of the three. To adhere to the organic unification of the three, we must accurately grasp the relationship between the three. The party's leadership is the fundamental guarantee for the people to be the masters of the country and governing the country according to law. The people's being the masters of the country is an essential feature of socialist democracy. Governing the country by law is the basic way for the party to lead the people to govern the country. practice. To uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, we must adhere to the organic unity of party leadership, people as the masters of the country, and rule of the country by law.
Combining the rule of law with the rule of virtue
Each country has its own different historical and traditional cultural genes. We must unswervingly follow our own path in terms of national governance in accordance with our own circumstances. To carry out effective state governance in contemporary society, we must attach great importance to the rule of law. At the same time, we must also combine the rule of law with the rule of virtue so that they complement each other.
Judging from the historical characteristics of our country, as a country with a history of 5,000 years of civilization, our ancestors not only created a splendid Chinese culture, but also formed a certain political culture in the historical process of the evolution of Chinese civilization. For example, for the phenomenon that is harmful to the social order of the country, combining moral education with punishment and punishment. Even in the contemporary era, we should see that the rule of virtue has the advantages that the rule of law does not have. What it solves is important issues that endanger national order and affect the effectiveness of national governance, such as ideology, moral standards, legal consciousness, and so on. Therefore, today's national governance in our country should draw useful elements from the extensive and profound culture of the Chinese nation, and insist on the combination of the rule of virtue and the rule of law. It is necessary to adhere to leading the cultural construction system with the core values of socialism, to shape people's good soul and good morality through various forms of the content of rule of virtue, and to pay attention to punishing the front and back, treating the disease and saving people.
Attaching importance to the quality of the cadre team and the building of governance capabilities
After 70 years of exploration and practice in New China, we have formed a scientific system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and have demonstrated significant advantages in many aspects. We must also see that to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, we must not only continuously develop and improve systems in all aspects, but also attach great importance to the improvement of the quality of cadres and governance capabilities. The focus in this regard should include the following aspects:
The first is to establish a correct governing philosophy. The Communist Party of China is a Marxist party whose original intention is to seek happiness for the people. This is completely different from the nature of each political party serving the group it represents and the specific political and economic group under the condition of the capitalist system. Therefore, our national governance is to achieve a satisfactory governance effect through the legal procedures. Party members and cadres must always keep in mind the purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly, strengthen the concept of governing for the people, and earnestly fulfill their duties.
The second is to continuously improve the ability to govern. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, deepening reforms, expanding opening up, and improving the socialist market economy system, and has put forward many new requirements for state governance. The cadre team should adapt to these new situations and new requirements, and constantly improve their ability and level of scientific governance, democratic governance, and governance according to law. If these capabilities are not improved, it is difficult for national governance to achieve the desired results simply by relying on sound systems. Improving the governance capability of the cadre team is a systematic project, and it is necessary to persistently do a good job in accordance with a series of requirements put forward by General Secretary Xi Jinping on the quality building of the cadre team. The most important thing is to learn to master Marxist dialectical materialism and historical materialism, use this as a guide, scientifically analyze the characteristics of the environment and tasks of governance, and propose scientific countermeasures for governance. To achieve this requirement, we must have a correct position and master the method of scientific analysis of problems. In particular, it is necessary to use Xi Jinping's ideology of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era to arm the mind and guide the work, and to continuously improve governance capabilities and work standards.
The third is to continuously cultivate a good style and a responsible spirit. In practice, whether the governance goals can be effectively achieved has a lot to do with the working spirit, attitude and style of the cadre team. In the practice of governance, it is necessary to vigorously promote the fine traditional style of the Communist Party of China, resolutely oppose formalism and bureaucracy, guide cadres at all levels to go deep into reality, grassroots, and the masses, and seek truth, pragmatism, courage and responsibility, and strive for governance best effect. ） ( Deng Chundong )
(The author is the former Secretary of the Party Committee of the Marxist Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and a special researcher of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Xi Jinping's Research Center for Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era)
Editor-in-chief: Shan Jie_DW089
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