Under the education and influence of Liu Xudong, 21 members of the Liu family joined the anti-Japanese struggle and became famous revolutionary families in the Qinghe area at that time. In the War of Resistance Against Japan and the War of Liberation, a total of nine people from the Liu family gave their lives. The picture shows Liu Xudong's portrait.
Our reporter interviewed Liu Chuangong (left), a research expert on party history in Qingzhou.
On December 12, the government resident of Gaoliu Town in Qingzhou was lively in winter. The folks who came to the market to buy daily necessities in the cries and bargains.
The current tranquility and peace cannot be separated from the struggle and sacrifice of the martyrs. From the town government to the north Sanlidi, is the Martyr's Temple of Duancun. This is a typical ancient courtyard courtyard. Sitting south to the north, the plaque on the front of the door reads the words "Haoran Zhengqi".
It is reported that the original site of the shrine was an iron tower temple built in the Tang Dynasty, and was later destroyed by Japanese invaders. In the autumn of 1945, the revolutionary martyrs who sacrifice their lives in the War of Resistance against Japan in memory of Yidu, Shouguang, Linzi, and Guangrao “Four Sides” were built by the then Yishou County People ’s Government to build a martyrs ’shrine.
In the exhibition room on the west side of the martyr's shrine, there are kerosene lamps, writing brushes, and podiums used by the martyr Liu Xudong. Seeing people thinking, visitors' thoughts were also drawn back to the period of anti-Japanese war ...
To resist the Japanese, glorious join the party and join the revolution
"Liu Xudong, formerly known as Liu Xiaoting, had changed his name to Sun Nuofu for the revolution. In 1899, he was born in a peasant family in Nanduan Village, Yidu County. His father Liu Yuxiang, who was proficient in acupuncture, opened Juju on the west side of Qingzhou Ancient Avenue. "Tang 'medicine shop, happy and kind. Liu Xudong has learned from childhood and was clever. After studying at the private school at the age of six, he was admitted to the Yidu Teachers' Training Center. Influenced by the new cultural movement, he actively carried out revolutionary propaganda and led classmates to fight against imperialism and anti-feudalism." Qingzhou party history research expert Liu Chuanong introduced.
After graduating from Yidu Normal School in 1916, Liu Xudong taught at Zhu Liang Senior Primary School while studying medicine with his father. At this moment, he racked his brains to get the poor children in the family to school. Contrary to Mr. Lu Xun, he gave up writing after 7 years of teaching. He wanted to use medicine to relieve the suffering of the poor. "When he practiced medicine, whenever he heard that a poor farmer had a patient, he immediately went to the hospital for treatment and never paid." Liu Xudong, a 44-year-old grandson, introduced Liu Xingang.
Shortly after the Lugouqiao Incident, in January 1938, the Japanese army invaded Yidu County, burning and looting, doing no evil. Liu Xudong was anxious for the future of the country and the fate of the people. He had long heard about the activities of Communist Party members in Zhulu Village, not far from the southern part of his family. He also learned from the newspapers and related rumors that the Communist Party was a truly anti-Japanese organization, so he repeatedly used the name of a doctor to go to East Zhulu. Village, looking for party organizations.
East Zhulu Village has a history of more than a thousand years. In 1928, the Communist Party of China established the "Extraordinary Special Branch of the Communist Party of China" here. This was the earliest rural party branch established by the party in Qingzhou. In 1938, the Communist Party Committee of Yidu County was established here. At that time, more than 144 people from more than 200 households in the village were released from production and resisted Japan. As a result, East Zhulu Village became a fortress village in the Yibei area and a center of revolutionary activities. At that time, it was called "Little Soviet".
Late one night in the winter of 1938, Hu Weilu, a Communist who lived in East Zhulu Village, had an acute gastroenteritis and asked Liu Xudong for treatment. Liu Xudong got rid of his illness, and since then, the two people have similar goals and become friends. Under the guidance of Hu Weilu, Liu Xudong organized an anti-Japanese salvation group in Duancun area, leading the villagers to fight resolutely with the government and gentry.
Under the introduction of Liu Xudong, the 21-year-old Zhao Zhian of Zhaojiaying Village also joined the Yidu Peasants' Anti-Japanese Salvation Corps, followed the Communist Party's adherence to the Anti-Japanese Salvation Campaign in Yibei District, and took charge of the "Yidu Peasant Anti-Japanese Salvation Corps". people. He led the members of the Salvation Corps to take an active role in setting up propaganda teams, walking villages and households, distributing leaflets, giving speeches, publishing posters, drawing cartoons, promoting anti-Japanese war, condemning the policy of traitorous surrender by the Japanese and pseudo-regimes, and promoting the masses to resist the Japanese goods movement.
"At that time, the anti-Japanese salvation activities led by Liu Xudong were commended by the four-county party committees (that is, Yidu, Linzi, Shouguang, and Guangrao four-county border areas, where our party was active and established the four-county anti-Japanese base areas). Comrade Hu Weilu introduced that Liu Xudong gloriously joined the Communist Party of China. "Liu Chuangong said.
In order to raise funds for the party's activities, anti-Japanese funds and the purchase of firearms and ammunition, Liu Xudong sold his own drug store. At the same time, he actively established rural grassroots organizations, established the first party branch of Duancun, and served as the first party branch secretary of Duancun. Under his influence, his brothers Liu Guanting, Liu Zhiting, sons Liu Hanzhang, daughter-in-law Wang Xiuying, nephews Liu Hanyu, Liu Handing, Liu Hanru, niece Liu Lanying, and a large number of villagers in Duancun joined the Communist Party and became a group of Yibei's anti-Japanese forces. new force.
At that time, our party opened anti-Japanese base areas in the Yibei area and formed local anti-Japanese armed forces. The central area of the base is in the seventh district of Yidu County. Liu Xudong was the first secretary of the district committee and founded the first anti-Japanese democratic regime in Yibei. In order to consolidate the new regime, Liu Xudong followed the instructions of his superiors on "actively absorbing workers and peasants and revolutionary students to join the party", and regarded the development of party members and the establishment of party organizations as a major event in the new struggle situation. , Set aside personal security, traveled to the countryside to find and train activists, secretly developed party members, and established and improved party organizations.
Thanks to Liu Xudong's efforts, in less than a year, the villages in the seven districts had party members, and almost every village had a party branch. He was also very concerned about the growth of the anti-Japanese armed forces, mobilizing party members and young people to participate in the anti-Japanese guerrillas. In the village of Duancun alone, more than 30 people participated in the three detachments of the Eighth Route Army's ten detachments.
In 1939, the fighting situation became increasingly tense, and the Japanese invaders continued to "sweep" the anti-Japanese base areas in an attempt to eliminate the anti-Japanese armed forces. Coupling with the Japanese invaders in the middle of the 2nd KMT 15th Brigade Xu Zhen in Yibei, the situation in Yibei area has worsened. In order to conserve strength, our party adopted contingency measures. The main forces and party and government officials moved to Xiaoqing Hebei, leaving Liu Xudong's concealed activities as comrades and insisting on leading the anti-Japanese struggle. The enemy sent troops to capture her husband to build watch towers, dig trenches, and "clean up" the base areas over and over again, creating white terror.
Together with the comrades who stayed behind, Liu Xudong relied heavily on the masses, wrestling with the enemy in the "blue gauze account" during the day, and entering the village at night. Due to the strict seal of the enemy, comrades had difficulty eating and drinking water. They had to eat hungry sorghum and chew reed roots when they were hungry. They drank water from thirst. They insisted on organizing people to bury land mines and dig traps. Japanese invaders and traitors forced the enemy to dare not act lightly.
Traitor, righteousness, heroic sacrifice
On October 9, 1940, the main unit of the Eighth Route Army Qinghe Military Region encountered the middle of Xu Zhen and the enemy was killed.
In order to report revenge, Xu Zhenzhong took advantage of the opportunity of Li Shouling, the head of the organization of the local party committee, and Liu Xudong, the head of the organization of the county party committee to inspect the work in East Zhulu Village, colluding with the Japanese and Puppet Army, creating a terrible bloody tragedy.
On the morning of January 4, 1941, in order to adhere to and expand the anti-Japanese base area, the Yishou County Party Committee held a meeting in Bahu Village, Shouwu District, and received information that the enemy would come to "sweep" the Yanghe Base in Shouwu District. Li Shouling, the head of the Qingdong District Party Committee Organization, was accompanied by Liu Xudong, the county Party Committee organization secretary, and Zhang Luquan, the Minister of Publicity, led by Comrade Chen Cheng, Secretary of the County Party Committee. In the evening along the banks of the Yanghe River, he secretly sneaked into the East Zhulu Village and hid.
That night, in addition to the eighty-nine comrades of the county party committee infiltrating the village, there were also some comrades of the district and county rescue committees, six brigades, and district squadrons. More than 20 people from the secret arsenal that moved a few days ago also lived in the village. Comrade Chen Qingxiang, secretary of the village party branch, was on duty at the base of the Self-Defense Corps. At dawn on January 5, Xu Zhenzhong led a traitorous team, and took over 300 people, including Zhu Liang's stronghold, Nicolas Xionggu Cao Chang, and the traitor Yang Jingshan (nicknamed Yang Gou nose) into the village. When the comrades of the cadres found the enemy, the village was surrounded, and they immediately separated and informed the ministries to enter the cellar quickly. More than 20 comrades in the arsenal live in the home of the villager Wang Changrong. Wang Changrong first sent the comrades into the new cellar and the cellar of the villager Wang Huaiwu, and his own family dropped the old cellar.
Due to the insider's report, the enemy first went to Wang Changrong's house to catch comrades in the arsenal. The enemy blocked the entrance to his old cellar and threatened his entire family. If he didn't come out, he threw grenades into the cellar, and they had to come out of the cellar. The enemy questioned their entire family, intimidating them to reveal the hiding place of Comrade Arsenal, and they insisted: "They moved out of the village the night before and do not know where to go."
The enemy caught Chen Jingtang's father Chen Fukai and the masses Yin Dianchang and Yin Dianfu tortured and tortured. The answer they received was still "I don't know"! The enemy was so angry that he used a two-tooth hook to beat Chen Fukai alive and burned Wang Changrong's house. The enemy frantically smashed, rummaged, and found nothing, but found nothing. In this way, the masses covered more than 20 comrades in the arsenal with blood.
At that time, Li Shouling, Liu Xudong, Zhang Luquan and others hid in the crypt of Chen Chengchun's house. Due to the traitor Chen Quansan's betrayal, the enemy forced Chen Chengchun to go down to the ground to capture people. Chen Chengchun was unyielding and was burned to death. The traitor Yang Gou's nose ordered his guard to go down to the ground, and was shot and killed by Liu Xudong.
The enemy had no choice but to place firewood and peppers at the entrance of the cave, and fanned the wind into the den with a fan. At this critical juncture, Liu Xudong and Li Lianchen risked their lives in order to cover their comrades and the masses. As soon as they got out of the hole, they were tied up and beaten by the enemy, and they asked the situation inside the hole intimidatingly. They said firmly: "There are no more people in the hole."
The cunning Japanese invader, Bear Valley Cao Chang did not believe it, and ordered to continue to smoke in the cave. In the dimple, Comrade Zhang Luquan blocked the entrance to the fire with his body to protect other comrades. The left side of his waist was burned out. He was sacrificed because of an injury that was too bad, the medical conditions were extremely poor, and the rescue was invalid. Bullet for pistol. Li Shouling and his correspondent Luo Xiaoming, the secretary of the regiment Chen Lanming, the county's young cadres, self-denial, and the masses of six comrades, including Chen Wentong and Chen Fengren, were fainted in the cave. Later, Ke Qiji and Chen Fengren were rescued, and other comrades died violently.
At noon, Japanese devils and traitors all arrested the anti-Japanese revolutionary comrades and the masses at the crossroads of the village. Liu Xudong was beaten with blood, and he walked in front of the detained team.
The traitor Xu Zhenzhong was a student of Liu Xudong. He whispered a few words to Japanese invader Xionggu Cao Chang, walked in front of Liu Xudong, and called the teacher falsely. Immediately, Liu Xudong scolded: "An'er (Xu Zhenzhong's breast name), you dog traitor, the scum of the nation, who is your teacher? I want to see the death of you beasts sooner or later!" Xu Zhenzhong immediately revealed his brutal face , Ordered the traitor to tie Liu Xudong to the old locust tree on the roadside and brutally cut out his eyes.
Liu Xudong's face was covered with blood, and the blood flowed from the inside of the jacket to the ground. Many people across the eyes shed tears and lowered their heads. But Liu Xudong kept swearing, and the enemy cut off his tongue again, and then chopped it alive.
Blood stained the snow around Liu Xudong's body. The revolutionary masses rushed forward and were backed up by a group of traitors with bayonets. The enemy withdrew, leaving the bodies of 12 victims on the execution ground. The villagers stood in silence before Liu Xudong and other martyrs 'bodies, and women and children sat beside the martyrs' bodies and wept in a group.
The traitor's end is also deserved. In August 1945, Japan announced its unconditional surrender, and Xu Zhenzhong led his ministry to Shouguang to escort He Siyuan, chairman of the KMT Shandong provincial government, to Jinan. Since then, He Siyuan and the commander of the Kuomintang ’s Second Appeasement District, Wang Yaowu, have made a compliment with “general talents”. On September 24, 1948, he was captured during the liberation of Jinan. On August 2, 1949, the People's Government of Yishou County complied with the "Court No. 102" directive of the Bohai Administrative Office and held a 10,000-person referendum at the old grave in Yanghe Village, Yidu County.
Cheng Yizhi, stand up to all difficulties, dedicate each other
Liu Xudong worked hard for the party regardless of his party. Under his education and influence, the whole family had 21 people joined the anti-Japanese struggle and became a famous revolutionary family in the Qinghe area at that time. During the Anti-Japanese War and the Liberation War, nine loved ones of the Liu family gave their lives.
Liu Xudong, the only son of Liu Xudong, joined the revolutionary work in June 1939 and soon joined the Communist Party of China. Sended by the party, crossed the enemy-occupied area, and studied at Lunan Anti-Japanese University. Unfortunately, he died on the way and was designated by the army as a martyr. Daughter-in-law, Wang Xiuying, wiped away her tears and took the young child to work actively for the party in order to complete her husband's unfinished career. One night in the fall of 1942, Wang Xiuying was caught by Xu Zhenzhong's agents and killed by a random knife outside the village's north gate.
"My grandfather was the only son of my great-grandfather. He died at the age of 23, and my grandmother died at the same age as him at the age of 24. At that time, my father Liu Baotong was only 3 years old and was raised by my aunt, grandmother Liu Huarong." According to Liu Xingang, Liu Huarong treats her nephew as if she had been there. Liu Xudong was only 20 years old when she sacrificed. Later she married her under-aged nephew until she was brought up to adulthood. The situation made her neighbors tearful. However, the heavens were impermanent. When Liu Xingang was 14 years old, his father Liu Baotong suddenly died of illness, leaving him to live with his four sisters and his mother.
Liu Xudong's fourth brother, Liu Guanting, left his hometown in August 1937, and later joined the anti-Japanese guerrillas. He served as the battalion commander of the First Battalion of the Qinghe Military Region. On October 10, 1942, there were more than 7,000 Japanese, pseudo, and stubborn forces. The troops were divided into four lanes, and the "iron wall encirclement" tactics were used to attack from all sides in an attempt to eliminate the main force of our army in Xiaoqing Hebei. Qinghe Military District Command decided to disperse the breakout. After receiving an order from the First Battalion of the immediate regiment, Liu Guanting decisively issued a breakout command. He rushed ahead and fought bloody battles with the enemy on the salt-filled saline soil. A battalion of commander-in-chiefs rushed to the enemy again and again, bullets shot at the enemy, grenades bloomed in the enemy group, and finally killed a blood path, highlighting the encirclement. Unexpectedly, they encountered enemies and were surrounded again.
The bullets ran out. It was evening, and Liu Guanting led his comrades to move to the reeds. He wanted to use the reeds as a cover and organized a breakout at night. The enemy kept narrowing the siege, and the situation was very critical. Liu Guanting observed the enemy ’s situation, and the transfer was no longer possible. He raised his arm and shouted, "Oath to save the country, improper captives, comrades, rush out!" A battalion pointed out that the soldiers braved the enemy's intensive artillery fire and stormed into the enemy group with the enemy Started hand-to-hand combat. It is difficult for enemy firepower to retreat. When he and his comrades again stood out, they were shot unfortunately.
Liu Xudong's nephew Liu Hanyu, a member of the Communist Party of China, was originally the captain of the Ligan district. In June 1939, he joined the Eighth Route Army's anti-Japanese guerrillas in the Shanzong Division. Soon he was organized to be transferred to Kenli County to support the new district, and served as the instructor of the county brigade and secretary of the central district district party committee.
In May 1942, Liu Hanyu took the grain delivery team to the Xiaoqing Hebei Base, and was surrounded by the Japanese and Puppet Army patrols. In order to cover food security across the river, he ordered two guards to move with the team and stay alone on the south bank, hiding in the red willow pier, to stop the approaching devils patrol. Unfortunately, his right leg was hit by a bullet and his waist was seriously injured. He gritted his teeth and persisted in the fight. He threw out two grenades with all his strength, preventing the enemy from approaching the river bank, and was violently attacked by the enemy's fire. The grain delivery team passed Xiaoqinghe safely, but his chest was shot into a horse honeycomb by the enemy's machine gun, and his gown was red with blood. Liu Hanyu was sacrificed severely, his body gradually became stiff, but he still squatted in the red willow pier. He pulled a wicker tightly in his left hand, supporting his body without falling down; his right hand was hanging beside him, and two grenades were hanging on his little finger ...
Not afraid of difficulties, unyielding, Qun Ying Qi Rong
Liu Xudong's niece, Liu Lanying, joined the Women's Rescue Association in February 1939. Because of her hard work, hard work and enthusiasm, she is very popular with the masses. In the spring of 1941, in order to cultivate this good seed, she was sent to a cadre school in Qinghe District to study. After half a year of study, the party organization sent Liu Lanying to work as a women's rescue party in Kenli County. The next day when the chickens called her, she got up, packed up her simple luggage, and left for the same comrades. She arrived in the eight major groups north of Xiaoqing River in the dark (now in Yongan Town, Kenli County).
After having dinner, comrades have not yet fallen asleep. Liu Lanying carefully observed the surrounding environment with keen eyes based on her years of experience in fighting the enemy. She felt that the "climate" was wrong and immediately told the comrades that the situation was dangerous and quickly transferred. . Comrades left one by one after Liu Lanying's urging. In order to prevent accidents, she took the time to burn the documents in Jiaojiao and was unfortunately arrested.
The traitor tied Liu Lanying and pinched her hair fiercely and asked, "Where have those women gone?" Liu Lanying said without fear: "I don't know!" The fierce traitor beat her with a leather whip, Liu Lanying said firmly : "I don't know if I killed you!" The traitor reluctantly stripped her clothes inhumanely, tied her two legs with a rope, and dragged her back and forth in the wattle. Liu Lanying didn't say a word until he died. After the success of the revolution, the East China Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the East China Military Region awarded Liu Lanying for her achievements and awarded her the title of "Model Communist Party Member" and "Heroic Martyr."
Liu Xudong's third brother, Liu Zhiting, joined the regiment directly under the Qinghe District in July 1939, and later served as the secretary. In January 1940, in Niutou Town, Shouguang County, he was sacrificed in a counterattack against Japanese invaders.
Liu Xudong's nephew, Liu Handing, joined the three detachments of the Eighth Route Army Shandong Column in June 1939 and joined the Communist Party of China in the winter of the same year. Because of his decisiveness and boldness in combat, he was assigned to be the captain of the Jiujian Brigade. In the spring of 1943, he broke into the enemy-occupied area, first covered by a long-time worker in an ordinary village, and soon became a loader at an ordinary station. He is good at dealing with workers and working hard to carry out anti-Japanese propaganda. People around said: "Lao Liu is loyal, caring for the poor brothers, and is our good friend." At the same time, he is also a political traffic clerk of the Work Committee, responsible for transmitting intelligence on enemy military activities in Qingzhou, Zhangdian, and Zhoucun; each Directly to the district party committee once a month or two to send reports, get documents, collect activities funds for underground comrades, and so on. He used the opportunity to run traffic to sell soil cloth, cotton and other items, one to protect his identity, and the other to earn some money and reduce public expenditure.
During the ordinary station, Liu Handing united many workers around himself and developed two party members. He is selfless and treats comrades better than loved ones. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, he served as the instructor of the Zihe Armed Forces of the Jiaoji Brigade, and was killed by agents mixed in the Armed Forces during a mission.
Liu Xudong, another nephew of Liu Xudong, joined the revolutionary work in the locality in March 1939. In 1941, he was a member of the Communications Section of the Qinghe District. In the spring of 1943, he participated in the New Sixth District Committee in Dongshuiqu Village and was surrounded by Japanese troops and Xu Zhenzhong's troops at night. After he had run out of bullets, he turned to the tunnel and persisted in fighting. Unfortunately, he was arrested by the puppet army and buried alive the next morning by the enemy.
After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War in 1945, the people's government of Yishou County at the time gave a poster on the posters of the anti-Japanese hero Liu Xudong in the name of "All People of Yishou County" and wrote the words "Quanying Qirong". According to Liu Xingang, this pennant has been built by the fathers in the soil walls of the house. He didn't even know its existence when he was a child. He later stumbled upon it during a house repair and donated it to the Qingzhou Museum.
Liu Xingang, who joined the Communist Party of China in 2007, said that now whenever he sees this banner, it is difficult to restrain his inner excitement. Through this pennant, he seemed to see the heroic demeanor of the Liu family in the pursuit of communism ...
Editor-in-chief: Gao Hongran_DW056
Scan the QR code to follow the public account
Scan QR code to enter mobile version