Fang Li Ren Xiaogang
Study the important discussion of scientific and technological innovation
The 2019 Central Economic Work Conference clearly deployed: "We need to deepen the reform of the scientific and technological system, accelerate the transformation and application of scientific and technological achievements, accelerate the enhancement of technological innovation capabilities of enterprises, improve the institutional mechanism to encourage and support basic research and original innovation, and improve the discovery, cultivation, and incentive mechanism for scientific and technological personnel. "Science and technology innovation is not only the fundamental requirement for advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, but also the core driving force for high-quality economic development. It is also an important support for implementing an innovation-driven development strategy. The key to technological innovation and development lies in people. To achieve the deep integration of the scientific and technological innovation system with the economic system and the governance system, and to promote the modernization of scientific and technological innovation governance capabilities, innovative thinking must be used to find solutions. The most fundamental factor that can exert the subjective initiative of innovative thinking is scientific and technological innovation talents. Only by long-term adherence to the improvement of the system and mechanism of scientific and technological innovation talents, can we comprehensively improve the service and guarantee capabilities of scientific and technological innovation talents.
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized at the academician's conference of the two academies that "people are the most precious of all things in the world, and all innovations are made by people. Hard power and soft power, in the final analysis, depend on the strength of talents." To this end, we must adhere to the discovery of scientific and technological innovation talents through a sound scientific and technological talent attraction system; adhere to the cultivation of scientific and technological innovation talents through local cultivation; adhere to the management of scientific and technological innovation talents through unblocked channels of scientific and technological talent flow; adhere to the improvement of the incentive strength of scientific and technological innovation talents and the optimization of scientific and technological innovation evaluation The mechanism encourages scientific and technological innovation talents. This is to promote scientific and technological innovation at a higher starting point, higher standards, and higher levels under the conditions of the new era, and to solve the "where do you want to go", "where do you want to go", "how to manage", and "how to use". Big core issues play an important role.
Improving the science and technology talent attraction system is the fundamental way to discover science and technology talents
The science and technology talent attraction system is the fundamental way to solve how science and technology talents are discovered. On the one hand, the government has set up special funds for the introduction of high-level talents to promote the establishment of a multi-level talent introduction system to attract university students or other high-education talents; on the other hand, it has implemented various preferential policies for scientific and technological innovation talents to attract domestic and foreign talent inflows. . The first is to implement a pilot policy of subsidizing financial service entity innovation, encouraging overseas returnees to innovate and start businesses, etc., in order to create a new high ground for the gathering and development of high-level financial talents, improve the specifications of talents, and create a “Talent Pool” of free trade zone services. Favorable conditions to promote the development of high-level innovative entrepreneurial talents. The second is to steadily promote the opening of the human resources market, encourage domestic human resources service agencies that have the conditions, go out to cooperate with foreign human resources service agencies, set up branches overseas, and actively participate in international talent competition and cooperation.
Adhere to the local cultivation of scientific and technological talents is the main way to create scientific and technological talents
The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China clearly states: "Cultivate and bring up a large number of international-level strategic scientific and technological talents, scientific and technological leading talents, young scientific and technological talents, and high-level innovative teams." We must pay attention to the training of talents before entering the creative period, and do a good job in schools Education and practice are the two key links. On the one hand, focus on talent training, focus on improving the quality of basic education in colleges and universities, speed up some ordinary undergraduate colleges and universities, and transform to applied-technical colleges and universities, conduct joint school-enterprise recruitment and joint training pilots, and vigorously introduce corporate mentors to expand schools The ways and methods of enterprise cooperation to educate people, and enhance the ability of talents in scientific and technological innovation and practice. At the same time, colleges and universities are encouraged to carry out international assessment of disciplines, expand exchanges and cooperation with reference to similar international first-class disciplines, and steadily advance the process of internationalization of colleges and universities. On the other hand, establish scientific and technological internship bases for college students and graduate students to enhance their understanding of the development trend of scientific and technological innovation and create opportunities for tapping their potential for scientific and technological innovation. At the same time, through the joint construction of industry-university-research research bases, commissioned orientation and on-the-job training to achieve joint training, a strategic reserve system for scientific and technological talents is formed.
Smoothing the flow of scientific and technological talents is an important way to manage scientific and technological talents
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee clearly requested: "Sound science and technology management system and policy system in line with scientific research rules, and improve science and technology ethics governance system." First, in the new era, actively explore the system of talents cooperation and exchange in different places, and improve science and technology innovation. The talent post management system removes the obstacles to the system and mechanism of talent flow, and promotes the rational flow of scientific and technological innovative talents among colleges, research institutions and research enterprises. Specifically, encourage and support institutions of higher learning and scientific research units to set up a certain proportion of mobile positions in scientific research and innovation, and attract entrepreneurs and entrepreneurs with innovative practical experience to work part-time; at the same time allow qualified colleges and universities, full-time teachers in scientific research units, Full-time professors and full-time scientific research personnel, with the approval of their institutions of higher learning and scientific research units, can bring scientific research projects, scientific research topics, and scientific research results, retain basic treatment, and carry out innovative work or start businesses in enterprises and government departments. The second is to create a good environment for scientific and technological innovation and further create an atmosphere for the flow of scientific and technological innovation talents. General Secretary Xi Jinping further emphasized at the academicians' meeting of the two academies that "we must create a good environment for innovation." Formulate and implement mechanisms and policies for the protection and flow of scientific and technological innovation talents, and earnestly care about innovative talents politically, take care of their lives, provide family condolences, support their careers, and give them preferential treatment in material terms, so that they can have a sense of happiness and gain in their lives. . To further create an environment that encourages innovation, based on the actual situation of the implementation of science and technology innovation strategies by universities, research institutions and enterprises, through the establishment and improvement of the survival of the fittest, the scientific and technological innovation working mechanism will create a good atmosphere that wants innovation, can be innovative, and has innovation.
Enhancing the incentive strength of scientific and technological innovation talents and optimizing the evaluation mechanism of scientific and technological innovations are the key ways to motivate scientific and technological talents.
On the one hand, the most direct and effective way to stimulate scientific and technological innovation talents is to increase the income level of scientific research talents, build a "basic salary + multiple performance incentives" multiple income system, and form a long-term incentive mechanism. On the other hand, optimizing the evaluation system for scientific and technological talents is a long-term mechanism for solving incentives for talents. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized again at the academicians' meeting of the two academies that "it is necessary to innovate the talent evaluation mechanism". Guided by the national development goals and the development goals of scientific and technological innovation, reform, innovate, and optimize the scientific and technological talent evaluation system oriented by innovation ability, quality, and contribution. First, according to the characteristics of different subject areas, different industry categories, and different levels of talents, differentiated evaluation should be carried out according to the principles of classification and stratification. According to the use of scientific and technological talents, they are divided into basic research-type scientific and technological talents, practical application-oriented scientific and technological talents, and organizational and coordinated scientific and technological talents. The evaluation principle is based on peer evaluation and professional evaluation. Participating enterprises' operating performance and long-term technological R & D innovation level are the evaluation principles, as the evaluation criteria for applied practical scientific and technological talents; the leading role of scientific and technological innovation incentives and the corporate culture construction are the evaluation principles, and the organization and coordination of scientific and technological talents are evaluated standard. The second is to support institutions of higher learning, scientific research institutions, and employers to carry out multi-evaluation through market mechanisms, especially through the evaluation of third-party scientific and technological talents, which is conducive to giving play to the main functions of multi-evaluation in the market and society.
(The author Fang Li is the secretary of the Party Committee of the Beijing Academy of Science and Technology; Ren Xiaogang is a special researcher at the Beijing Xi Jinping New Age Socialist Thought Research Center with Chinese Characteristics)
Editor-in-chief: Liu Di_DW087
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