Female Warriors in the Northeast Resistance League

Release time: 2019-12-26 08:54:00 Source: "Party History Expo" Hebei Party Network News Hotline: 0311-87908405
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There are many female soldiers in the Northeast Anti-Japanese Alliance team. Except for Zhao Yiman, who is known as the "Eight Daughters" of "Toujiang", there are more female soldiers who are unknown and have not even seen the victory of the Anti-Japanese War alive. In 1959, Zhou Baozhong said: The comrades' perseverance, hard work and hard work, which can stand the cruel test, are also outstanding. In those frustrating and difficult years of guerrilla warfare, in addition to combat casualties, our guerrilla soldiers also starved to death and froze to death. There are also individuals who fled and rebelled in the basic units. Each soldier has a heavy load on his body. In addition to carrying firearms and ammunition, he must carry his own supplies, prepare clothing, a small tent, a small stove, a spade, a pick, and an axe. , Saws, cookers, and more. In addition to the above, comrades of women also carry medicine bags, rulers, scissors, patchwork rags and needlework. If a gay backpack weighs forty to fifty kilograms, the female team member will add five to ten kilograms more. Therefore, in the continuous march of the poor year after year, even the iron man died unbearably. However, women are not afraid of hardship, nor are they fleeing. Hu Zhenyi, a veteran of the Northeast Anti-Japanese Alliance, told this story: In March 1936, I joined the Anti-Japanese Alliance. At that time, he didn't set up a party and lived in common people's homes. People have something good to eat for us. They say that the anti-United Nations is a team of the poor. If you fight Japan, we will be the helpers and the Japanese devils together. The landlord's family was very poor, the windows had no paper, and they slept in the north and south. The guerrillas are very disciplined. The common people sleep on, we sleep along and sleep on some grass. It is always warmer on the upper arm than on the lower arm, and I want to sleep on the upper arm. I scratch my head, comb my head, and have a black porcelain face. The landlord's family thinks I'm a bun. I didn't expect that I had made the matter big and affected the relationship between Xinyi's wife's family and the Anti-United Forces. The thing was this:

It was a cold day, with hands and feet freezing like cats biting. I heard that the family was married, and the new daughter-in-law was received from Diaoyu Xinglonggou. I am so blessed that I was assigned to live in the house of my wife-in-law. My heart blossomed. I went to the cave to see the new daughter-in-law. I touched my hoe and felt very lively. I shoved the new daughter-in-law's shoulders and sat beside the new daughter-in-law to warm herself. The new daughter-in-law was annoyed, so I went out and went out. The new daughter-in-law said to the groom, a thin black boy touched her. What kind of anti-link is this? Teasing women, just like bandits! The groom went to the army leader to sue: What kind of resistance? Teasing women!

The leader was angry, and there was such a person in the anti-United Nations forces who dared to tease a woman against discipline in the broad daylight, and must find this person. The leader sent Lieutenant Tao to handle the matter. Finally found it on my head. As soon as I appeared, people recognized me and said "he".

Lieutenant Tao heard the laughter and suddenly understood the groom. Are your soldiers laughing at women?

Deputy Lieutenant Tao said: Look carefully, is it "he"? The groom said he wouldn't look at the eyes. Deputy Lieutenant Tao said: She is a woman, not a man.

The groom asked dubiously: It's a woman. Why is there no hair on her head?

Lieutenant Tao asked me to admit it to my new daughter-in-law. I went to the new daughter-in-law to admit it. The new daughter-in-law knew that I was a woman and stayed. I explained that the guards stood frozen, one was to see what the new daughter-in-law was like, and then I wanted to warm up. The new daughter-in-law resolved the misunderstanding, and she asked me: you are still a girl at this age, how can you be a soldier? I said: Hit the Japanese devil! Then she asked me to kick my feet.

This joke reached the military, and many people laughed when they saw me. The leader criticized me, the girls should be more stable, can not jump around like a monkey. The defendant sueed, and I began to pay attention to my clothes. Later, I came to this village with my army and still live in this family. I called her sister-in-law, that intimacy, I don't forget it now.


When the battle begins, the female soldier pays more, sometimes the husband, even the children. Li Zaide, a veteran of the Northeast Anti-Japanese Alliance, told the author what she had when she gave birth to her first child: In 1938, I gave birth to a boy. At that time, the environment was bad, there was really nothing to eat, and I didn't have milk, so I had to watch the little life struggling on its own. On the fifth day, his son died. I was struggling with the death line due to the postpartum wind and puffiness all over my body. An old Korean couple was so anxious that they just looked at me and wept. I remembered that when wounded in the Sixth Army ’s clothing factory, the wounded wounded with old squint bark was used to wash wounds, which could be disinfected, so I asked them to find this kind of bark to boil. I scrubbed my body with this water, and it really worked. The edema slowly subsided and my body began to recover. Veteran of the Anti-Japanese Alliance Jin Bowen also talked about her experience of having her first child, which happened in the winter of 1940. She said: On the fifth day of November in the lunar calendar, during the march, my abdominal pain gradually increased, and the army had to stop. In this way, my first son was born in the snow and ice. Sister Park gave birth to me ... At this time, a comrade took off his tattered cotton-padded clothes, wrapped the child, wrapped a broken military blanket, and then carried Sister Park on his back. I was young and didn't understand anything. I just felt that the child was born. It was like a heavy stone fell to the ground. I felt very relaxed and happy. I immediately started a long march with the army. At night, we warmed around the fire. Sister Park took the child off her back, opened it, and the child was lying in peace. Yeah, this little life is alive. The comrades came around happily, looked at them cheerfully, laughed, and forgotten the tension and fatigue during the day. They each took out some old cloths that they usually used to make up clothes and used them as diapers. Sister Park took the old cloth, gathered next to the campfire, and made a small cotton coat for the child. I left my mother in my teens, and gave birth to this first child in such a harsh environment. Without Sister Park's mother-like care, I think I will be sad at this level, thanks to this experienced person She is also considerate and considerate (she died in Changchun around 1963). At this time, Zhang Zhongfu also gave the child a name "Zhaohua", so the child began to follow me in the old forest in the mountains to deal with the enemy. In 1939, 20-year-old Jin Yukun was married to Sui Desheng, leader of the 11th Army. After Jin Yukun became pregnant, she persisted in fighting, and she gave birth to a girl on April 14, 1940. Sui Desheng did not have time to visit Jin Yukun and his children, and only allowed the guards to give Jin Yukun 200 eggs, most of which were given to the wounded by Jin Yukun. According to the needs of the battle, the head of the army mobilized Jin Yukun to send his children to the homes of ordinary people to raise them. Jin Yukun fed the child the last time and gave the child to a fellow. Looking at the child's immature face, Jin Yukun's tears burst out. She tore off a piece of cloth from her placket, and wrote a line on it: "Father, Sui Desheng; mother, Jin Yukun. Born on April 14, 1940, milk name Fenglan." Then, she tied the cloth strip to the child's underwear , Reluctantly watching the fellow bring the child out of the forest ... Li Min, a veteran of the Anti-Union Alliance, told the author many years ago that the female soldiers of the Northeast Anti-Union Alliance are the most hardworking and hardworking, and they have amazing perseverance. There was a female soldier named Xu Hongqing of the Seventh Army. She had a pair of liberated feet, small feet and large shoes. Her feet were worn out due to long marches. Despite this, she persisted in the army and carried a child under the full moon. At a critical moment when she was chased by the enemy, she was afraid that the child would cry and attract the enemy, so she filled the child's mouth with smoke and let the child sleep stupidly ...


The story of "Eight Girls Casting River" is a household name. In October 1938, the Second Army of the Second Route Army of the Northeast Anti-Japanese Alliance met with the Japanese troops on the Ushun River in Linkou County on the way back to Ning'an. After the battle started, Lv Yunyun, the leader of the Women's Regiment of the Fifth Army, Yang Guizhen, Hu Xiuzhi, the director of the Fourth Army ’s clothing factory, and eight soldiers Guo Guiqin, Huang Guiqing, Li Fengshan, and Wang Huimin took the initiative to cover the breakout of the large army. Leap into the Ushun River and marvel at the country. This deed was widely adapted into various literary and art forms after 1949, but few people knew that Zhou Baozhong was the first to record the story of "Eight Girls Casting River". If Zhou Baozhong hadn't recorded this heroic deed in his diary, maybe the story of "Eight Girls Casting River" would be lost in the dust of history. On November 4, 1938, Zhou Baozhong's diary was recorded as follows: The commander of the Five Army Guan Shu Fan arrived in Diaoyu during the Southwest Expedition. He planned to cross the Ushun River in three directions half a month ago. Ambush on the east bank of the river. Eight people, including Jin Shifeng and women Leng Yun and Yang Guizhen, who have a long history of national liberation in Korea, drowned in the river. Baoqing has a series of fierce battles with Japanese thieves and the pseudo-Mongolian soldiers in the Eighth Regiment of the Third Division of the Fifth Army of the Allied Army, and the Martyr Mountain on the banks of the Mudan River on the Ushun River should have a martyr in the future. In the autumn of 1948, the female writer Yan Yiyan planned to write a movie script with the theme of "Eight Women Casting River". She found Feng Zhongyun, and Feng Zhongyun told her many heroic stories with magnificent mountains and rivers. When she said she was going to write "Eight Women Casting River," Feng Zhongyun immediately said, "It's worth writing!" Feng Zhongyun also wrote her a letter of introduction, which provided her many convenient conditions for interviews. After the first draft of the script was written, Yan Yiyan asked Feng Zhongyun to review it and asked Feng Zhongyun for opinions on whether he could make a fiction. After reading the script, Feng Zhongyun said very surely: "Of course, art is not a photo. You write this, although it is not real for the eight heroines; but for the entire Anti-League, it is real, because you It shows the truth of the resistance at that time. "Zhou Baozhong's diary and the active support of Feng Zhongyun, as well as the artistic creation of the majority of literary and artistic workers, made the story of" Eight Women Casting River "more and more full and glorious. After the sacrifice, Leng Yun and others left their bodies. Later, Hu Zhenyi recalled:

There were willows in the river, some were washed downstream by the water, and some were hanging on branches. No one could get up, none of them came out. The division sent people to find, but no one was found.

The river is about to be closed, and the troops are still on an expedition. Chai Shirong proposed that the troops be withdrawn directly to Muling. The river opened in the spring of the following year, and these people hung on the tree. The bodies of eight people were hung by the tree hairs. Chai Shirong decided to take out the bodies of eight comrades, dig a pit to bury the eight comrades, and dig a pit by the river to bury people. Chai Shirong said to me that Leng Yun was dead, and died very miserably, and was taken out of willow hair. He is in a bad mood. At that time, the eight women had a grave, and the grave was then flattened by the water.


On October 31, 2007, the author went to Hegang, Heilongjiang, to interview the elderly Li Guilan with the crew of the Central News Film Studio "Loyalty". Li Guilan was captured in a battle on March 15, 1938, detained in Tangyuan County Prison for more than four months, and then sent to Harbin for a ten-year prison sentence. He was not released until May 1944. Li Guilan was tortured in prison. The old man said that she was nailed with bamboo sticks by the Japanese military police. I picked up the camera and photographed the old man's hand. Perhaps because of the emotions at that time, the hands were unstable, and the photos were taken out of focus. It can also be seen from the photos that the old man's nails are deformed and blackened. In July 2012, the author went to Harbin for an interview, and met the elder Li Guilan's daughter, Sister Liu Ying, who gave me a file of enemy and counterfeiting. On the first few pages of the file, the names of "Sanjiang Provincial Police Department Chief Gui Dingzhi Lang" and "Director of the Police Department of the Ministry of Public Security" Shibuya Saburo are written. The file clearly records that the suspect Li Guilan studied local Chinese for about six months. When he was 20 years old, he moved to Song Taili, Yadanhe, Luobei County, Sanjiang Province, and Hongkeli Nangou, Yilan County to work in agriculture. Around March of the Showa decade, Gao Jiliang, an anti-Japanese youth, persuaded to join the Taipingchuan Anti-Japanese Society in Tangyuan County to promote anti-Japanese ideas to women. In order to carry out activities organized by the Women's Anti-Japanese Association, she joined the Communist Party of China and served as the director of the Women's Department of the Wa District Committee of Tangyuan County and the head of the Women's Department of the Yilan County (or District) Committee to carry out women's work. In December of the Showa era, due to his relationship with Xiao Zhou, a member of the party, he was withdrawn and transferred to the Northeast Anti-Japanese Allied Army Sixth Army Garment Factory, where he engaged in the production, sewing, and washing of anti-Japanese military uniforms. After marrying Wu Yiguang, political director of the Fourth Division of the Sixth Army of the Northeast Anti-Japanese Coalition, on May 29, Showa, he was repeatedly educated by the Communist Party, and his anti-Japanese consciousness became stronger. During the trial, although she was a woman, she strictly adhered to party rules and refused to explain. Sly and insidious, with no repentance and no sympathy. Li Guilan sentenced to death.


Wu Yuqing, an old soldier of the Anti-League Alliance, said: When it comes to fighting, it ’s as common as eating. I ca n’t remember how many times the big battles are small. I took the horse cover gun for the first time, and I was very scared. I'm a teenager, a girl, how can I not be afraid! But yeah, really fight, see the fierce appearance of the devil, see the comrades around you fell, bleeding, you will be brave, not afraid of anything, dare to do anything. In 1940, in the area of Jianshanzi, we had a fire with the devils. This battle was fought for a day. There were many enemies, but we controlled the favorable terrain, so it was difficult to fight. When retreating, my comrade Yu Yu was hit by a bullet in the leg and fell to the ground. I hurriedly grabbed a legging to tie him to me and desperately ran back with him. He ran all the way, his blood spilled all the way, and he walked a few miles further, and he was about to go to the camp, but he died on my shoulder. I put him in the snow and asked him: What about you strangling? Don't you wait for a while? Talking and crying. My tears and his blood flowed together, frozen into ice, and I sat on the snow, crying over his body. At the time of Women ’s Day at that time, women soldiers of various armies also passed in the anti-Union secret camp, but they sang and danced. For example, the Seventh Army of the Anti-Japanese Alliance also wrote a song specifically for women, called "Women Are Liberated." Later, this song was also sung in other troops. This song has a long lyrics, and was later sung by Xing Defan, a female warrior of the Third Army, and organized by the writers and artists, so that we know that the anti-United Nations female warrior had her own song. At that time, the female warrior was in her youth, and she also learned culture in the army. When she was in love, she wrote love letters as she does now. At that time, paper was scarce, and men and women used birch bark instead of paper to write love letters. The opera "Fire of the Stars", which reflects the life of the Anti-Union Alliance, has a song called "Birch Bark, a Letter Written by My Brother". On May 20, 2007, the author visited the place where she had fought in Hebei Forest District, Heilongjiang, together with Li Min, a veteran of the Anti-United Nations. After seeing a lot of birch groves there, she tore off a piece of bark and transcribed the lyrics of "Birch Bark, a Letter Written by My Brother," and gave it to the author. The author has kept it till now. At that time, soldiers were strictly forbidden to fall in love, but each unit's handling methods were different. At that time, there were more women participating in the army, and the soldiers were basically at the age of adolescence and love. It was inevitable that they would love and make some romantic things, and each army's treatment was different. The five armies dealt with it: "The women's participation in the army has become a serious situation. If you don't think of a solution thoroughly, you will have to face the opposite state in terms of mentality, combat effectiveness, and change of thinking." Fortunately, from now on, the comrades of our five armed forces, regardless of whether they are married or not, will be completely concentrated in the military department to set up a service factory. Their task is to take full responsibility of the service factory and hospital care. They do not need to be in the team. " Men and women are separated. On May 28, 2012, the author asked Liu Shuzhen, a female warrior of the Three Resistance Army, in Yinglan Town, Yilan. She said: you go to that division, he goes to that division, you go to that regimen, he goes to that regimen, all the same. Not to mention you, or Commander Zhao is so good! Don't say how I treat you like others, others don't. How nice it is to pull you away! What did you do with him? Although the war environment is difficult, there is no lack of romance. This is the light of human nature.

Editor-in-chief: Chen Hong_DW103

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