-What national system a country chooses is determined by the country ’s historical heritage, cultural traditions, and level of economic and social development, and by the people of that country. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a great creation of the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese people, as well as a great creation in the history of human system civilization.
-To see if a system is good, superior or not, it should be judged and grasped from a political and general perspective, mainly to see if it is in line with national conditions, whether it is effective and effective, and whether it is supported by the people.
-The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is more and more full of vitality. It is a system that keeps pace with the times and continuously achieves self-improvement and development in the course of reform and opening up.
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is an advanced system with distinct Chinese characteristics, significant institutional advantages, and strong self-improvement capabilities, and provides a fundamental institutional guarantee for the Chinese nation to usher in a great leap from standing up, getting rich, and becoming stronger. The core code of "Government of China" is in "System of China".
Socialism with Chinese characteristics is uniquely creative
What national system a country chooses is determined by its historical heritage, cultural traditions, and level of economic and social development, and by the people of this country. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics has grown from China ’s long-standing political and cultural tradition, from China ’s struggle against foreign aggression, national independence, and people ’s liberation since modern times, from the arduous establishment and arduous exploration of the socialist cause. It is a great creation of the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese people, and also a great creation in the history of human institutional civilization.
The creativity of this system lies in that it is the creative practice of Marxist social formation theory in China, the embodiment of scientific socialism theory at the institutional level, and the realization form of socialist system in China. The entire course of socialism from theory to practice to multi-country practice and even to today shows that the socialist system is a unity of general and special forms. The principles of the general form of the socialist system have been scientifically answered by classic writers such as Marx, Engels, and Lenin. This general form can only be manifested through the socialist system of specific countries, and only in the form of specific national forms, epochal forms, and states. Other forms are realistic. In other words, the realization of the socialist system does not have a unified model that suits the situation of each country. It can only be based on combining the basic principles of scientific socialism with the actual and contemporary characteristics of each country and taking a socialist road that is in line with national conditions. Socialist system with its own characteristics. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: "Combining the universal truth of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete reality of the country, this sentence is universal truth in itself."
The creativity of this system is that it is a scientific system formed by the Chinese Communist Party under the leadership of the Chinese people in the long-term practice of revolution, construction, and reform. In the course of revolution, construction, and reform, our party, in accordance with the basic principles of Marxism and proceeding from China's national conditions, condenses the wisdom and strength of the people, and continues to build a scientific, standardized, and stable institutional system, which provides institutional guarantee and system for national development. support. After the founding of New China, the establishment of the people's congress system, the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system led by the Communist Party of China, laid the institutional foundation for the Chinese nation to stand up, become rich, and become stronger. Since the reform and opening up, China's national system and national governance system have been continuously improved through reforms and innovations in various aspects of institutions and mechanisms. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics consists of a complete set of tightly integrated and systematically integrated systems, including the party's leadership system, the people's mastership system, the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, the socialist government governance system with Chinese characteristics, and socialism. Basic economic system, advanced socialist cultural system, people's livelihood security system, social governance system, ecological civilization system, party's absolute leadership system over the people's army, "one country, two systems" system, foreign affairs system, party and state supervision system, etc. In the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the basic system, basic system, and important system play a role of four pillars and pillars. Among them, the party's leadership system has the leading role. All national governance work and activities in China are carried out in accordance with the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and a national governance system and governance capabilities covering all aspects and fields are formed to ensure the normal operation of national and social life.
The creativity of this system is that it is a Chinese solution provided by the Chinese Communist Party for human beings to explore a better social system. Some people in the West believe that the Western system is the only option for modernization and a universal system model. The end-of-historical claimer declared that capitalist liberal democracy is "the end of the evolution of human ideology" and "the last form of human rule." The practice of New China for 70 years illustrates a truth to the world: governing a country and promoting modernization of a country are not the only way to choose the western system model. Countries can go their own way. Every country and every nation has the right to choose a system that suits them and create a modernization path with its own characteristics. The great success of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a powerful proof. "Governance of China" and the advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics demonstrated to the world the diversity of modernization roads, the richness of human civilization, and the selectivity of national systems and national governance systems, and provide developing countries with modernization options. A whole new choice.
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics has great advantages
To see if a system is good or not, it should be judged and grasped from a political and general perspective, mainly to see if it is in line with national conditions, whether it is effective and effective, and whether it is supported by the people. "Shoes don't fit well, you don't know until you wear them." There is no identical political system model in the world. Political systems cannot be judged abstractly from specific socio-political conditions and historical and cultural traditions, let alone a foreign political system model.
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a national system with significant advantages in many aspects. In an important speech at the 60th anniversary of the founding of the National People's Congress, Comrade Xi Jinping put forward the criteria for measuring the "eight viability" of the political system, and pointed out that the evaluation of a country's political system is democratic and effective, mainly depending on the leadership of the country Can the order change in accordance with the law, can all people manage state and social affairs, manage economic and cultural undertakings, can the people express their interest requirements smoothly, can all aspects of society participate effectively in the country's political life, and can the country make decisions? To achieve scientific and democratization, can all aspects of talents enter the national leadership and management system through fair competition, can the ruling party achieve leadership of national affairs in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and laws, and whether power use can be effectively restricted and monitored. The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee condenses and summarizes the significant advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics from 13 aspects, which reflects the "eight cans" measure and proves that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a workable and effective one. And efficient system. The reason why the socialist system with Chinese characteristics has significant advantages in 13 aspects is very important for our party to organically unify the right path, develop scientific theories, and build effective systems, and use Chinese Marxism and developing Marxism as guidance. National system construction, timely transformation of successful practical experience into institutional results, so that our national system not only reflects the basic principles of scientific socialism, but also has distinctive Chinese characteristics, national characteristics, and characteristics of the times; it is important that this system never excludes any The experience of other countries 'governance that is conducive to China's development and progress is to draw on others' strengths and persist in taking me as the mainstay and using it for me, removing the dross and extracting the best of it, and can maintain and continuously enhance its superiority in the course of self-improvement and development.
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a national system that guarantees that the people are the masters of the country. Our country is a socialist country led by the working class and based on a people-democratic dictatorship of the workers-peasants alliance. All the power of the state belongs to the people. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics adheres to the organic unity of the party's leadership, the people being the masters and governing the country according to law, the party leadership as the fundamental guarantee for the people to be the masters and governing the country, and the people's ownership as the essential characteristics of socialist democracy. Treating the country according to law as the basic way for the party to lead the people in governing the country, and promoting the unification of the three in the great practice of socialist democracy in our country. Comrade Xi Jinping emphasized: "Democracy is not a decoration, not a decoration, but a solution to the people's problems." The people's mastership system in our country is concretely and realistically reflected in the CPC's ruling and State governance is concretely and realistically reflected in the work of all aspects and levels of the party and state organs, and concretely and realistically in the people's management of state affairs, economic and cultural undertakings through various channels and forms in accordance with the law. In the practice of managing social affairs, it is a system that serves all people and protects the fundamental rights and interests of all people, not a system that serves the interests of a particular class or group. This is the fundamental difference between the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the capitalist system, and the basis for the effective operation, continuous improvement, and consolidation of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a national system that liberates and develops social productive forces and enhances social vitality. Since the founding of New China, especially since the reform and opening up, the development achievements and governance achievements that the Chinese Communist Party has led the Chinese people have attracted worldwide attention. From poverty and poverty to the second largest economy in the world, from inadequate people's food and clothing to the ranks of middle-income countries in the world, from shortage of supplies to becoming the world's largest trade in goods, from closed and semi-closed to participation in global governance, from the edge of the world system to Increasingly approaching the center of the world stage, China has undergone such tremendous changes and spent decades going through the industrialization process that developed countries have gone through for hundreds of years. The miracle of China's rapid economic development and the long-term stability of society are fundamentally the miracle of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The strong vitality and great superiority of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is concentrated on the point that this system can continuously promote the progress and development of a country with a population of nearly 1.4 billion and ensure that the Chinese nation with a history of more than 5,000 years of civilization achieves "two The "hundred years" goal has achieved great revival.
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics keeps pace with the times and is constantly improving and developing
Engels said: "The so-called 'socialist society' is not a static thing, but like any other social system, it should be viewed as a society that is constantly changing and reforming." Especially in a country with a backward economic culture like China The semi-colonial and semi-feudal Eastern powers seizing national power and establishing a socialist system are brand new topics in the history of Marxist development. It is even more important to combine the basic principles of Marxism with China's specific realities, constantly explore and practice, and continuously reform and innovate. Practice has proved that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a system that keeps pace with the times in the course of reform and opening up and constantly achieves self-improvement and development.
The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is a good system with distinct characteristics and efficiency, but it is not yet a mature and well-formed system. Compared with the requirements of China ’s economic and social development and the expectations of the people, compared with the new situation in which the world is undergoing unprecedented changes in a century, compared with the great goal of achieving long-term peace and order in the country, there are many more in China ’s national system and national governance system. Where there is an urgent need for improvement, there is still a long way to go to achieve a more mature and stereotyped socialist system with Chinese characteristics. In the new era, we must adapt to the overall process of national modernization, improve the party ’s scientific governance, democratic governance, and governance according to law, improve the ability of state institutions to perform their duties, and improve the people ’s ability to manage state affairs, economic, social, and cultural affairs and their own affairs in accordance with the law. Institutionalization, standardization, and procedural management of various national and social affairs, and constantly improve the ability to effectively govern the country with the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.
The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China focused on the major political issue of “what to uphold and consolidate, improve, and develop” on China's national system and national governance system, and clarified the fundamental points that each system must adhere to and the direction of perfecting development. And made a work deployment. This plenary session not only clarified the major systems and principles that must be firmly adhered to, but also deployed major system and mechanism reforms that need to be deepened, and key work tasks that need to be promoted, embodying the scientific methodology of integrity and innovation, and embodying system integration, collaboration and efficiency The characteristics of the system embodies a strong problem orientation, pointing out the direction for the new era to adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, and to provide basic compliance for promoting the maturity and stereotypes of all aspects of the system.
In the new era, there is a direction, a stand, and a principle to adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. Comrade Xi Jinping emphasized: "We deepen the reform comprehensively, not because the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is not good, but to make it better. We say that we must strengthen the system's self-confidence, not to stand still, but to continuously eliminate the disadvantages of the system and mechanism. The system is mature and long-lasting. "Comrade Xi Jinping also pointed out," Promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities is by no means westernized and capitalist. "China is a big country. On fundamental issues such as the national system, it involves development. The direction is right and right. In front of right and wrong, never say ambiguous words, never do secret things, never make subversive mistakes. We must adhere to and consolidate the basic systems, basic systems, and important systems that have been established and tested in practice. We must persist in emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, advancing with the times, and seeking truth and being pragmatic in order to adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities as the main axis, deeply grasp the development requirements of the country and the trend of the times, resolutely eliminate all ill-conceived ideas and the disadvantages of institutional mechanisms, continue to deepen the reform of institutional mechanisms in all areas, grasp the laws of institutional construction, and focus on reform Systematic, holistic, and synergistic, good at summing up practical experience and grass-roots creation, promptly raising theoretical and practical innovation achievements to the institutional level, so that the superiority of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is continuously enhanced and fully demonstrated. ） ( He Yiting )
(The author is the director of the Central Party School (National School of Administration) Xi Jinping's Research Center for Socialist Thoughts with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era, and the Vice President (Deputy Dean) of the Central Party School (National School of Administration) in charge of daily work.)
People's Daily (12th edition, December 26, 2019)
Editor-in-chief: Shan Jie_DW089
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