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Shijiazhuang: a century-old shop witnesses the moment of liberation

Release time: 2018-07-18 11:14:00 Source: Hebei News Network Hebei Party Network News Hotline: 0311-87908405
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Open balcony at Grand Hotel

At 11:00 on November 12, 1947, after six days and nights of fighting by the People's Liberation Army, Shijiazhuang, a major town in North China, declared liberation.

110-year-old Shinta Hotel

100-year-old store in Moss

In 1907, the French paved the Zhengtai Railway to Shijiazhuang. At that time, the Railway Bureau built the Zhengtai Hotel in the same year in order to receive important Chinese and foreign officials and local bureaucrats. Since then, around the development of the station's transportation hub, many people have gathered in this small village.

On November 12, 1947, the Battle of Liberation Shijiazhuang was about to begin. The Zhengtai Hotel was the last stronghold. In the rain, the Jinchaji People's Liberation Army exploded the door of the Zhengtai Hotel, rushed into the building and hit the basement. At 11:00, more than 1,000 remnants of the Kuomintang were deported from the Grand Hotel. At this point, the KMT's last line of defense was conquered.

Zhao Shundong was the deputy battalion commander of the 4th Battalion of the 6th Regiment of the Jinchaji Independent Brigade. At that time, in order to liberate Shijiazhuang, a sharp knife company was established, and Zhao Shundong was also the company commander. In the battle, he first led a sharp knife company to break through the outer city ditch defense line, and then turned to attack the Berlin Village, fighting streets with the enemy in the urban area, and at the same time attacked the Kuomintang's core fortification railway station, Dashiqiao, Zhengtai Hotel.

Zhao Shundong's son Zhao Jiangang recalled that when his father was alive, he told the scene at that time many times. There were horrible sights of corpses and booming gunfire everywhere. After entering Shijiazhuang, the continuous battle caused the sharp swords to suffer heavy losses. When the last line of defense was also plugged in a red flag, more than 120 sharp swords, including Zhao Shundong, were left with only 8 people.

Jinchaji Military Region troops occupy Zhengtai Hotel (old photo)

Zhao Jiangang's mother, Li Shuqin, also participated in the Battle of Liberation of Shijiazhuang. Although 90 years old, her response was a bit slow, but she still remembers the scene when she mentioned it. After receiving the order, Li Shuqin and his comrades marched from Baobao to Shijiazhuang, and in the days after breaking through the outer city ditch, the soldiers had been hiding in the alley. "The villagers were very good to us. Seeing that we were all nesting in the alley, they gave us something to cover. Later, the news of catching Liu Ying came, and the villagers were even more happy to send us eggs and pancakes, but Our losses were also great. Many comrades-in-arms have sacrificed, and we survived even three people including me. "

In front of him, the mossy corner made the Grand Hotel even more quaint. From Sun Yat-sen to Zhang Xueliang, from the warlord melee, to the Japanese occupation period, to the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, and finally to the liberation of Shijiazhuang by the People's Liberation Army, the Zhengtai Hotel has been a witness to Shijiazhuang's history. The scenes that once happened here are now memories.

Bullet marks still see 70 years of wind and rain in Dashiqiao

The large stone bridge adjacent to the Zhengtai Hotel is sleeping, and four stone lions sit majesticly at the east-west bridge. When Shijiazhuang was liberated in 1947, the Dashi Bridge became the enemy's core fortification, and the enemy's headquarters was settled in the bridge hole of the Dashi Bridge.

Dashiqiao witnesses history

You Deshun, a native of Tang County, Hebei Province, was a correspondent in the 4th company and the 2nd battalion of the 6th Regiment of the Jijin Second Brigade. He recalled in "Blood Fighting in Shijiazhuang" that the enemy blocked the bridge hole in Dashiqiao, blocked the gun holes and dug trenches, and the dark castle and high castle were guarded day and night. "At the sight of the enemy, our people approached a little bit, and began to bombard indiscriminately, from east to west, blasting our positions into ruins, and many private houses were destroyed." At the time, northwest of Dashiqiao. There was a big poplar in the direction. The company commander used the poplar to cover the direction of Dashiqiao. The enemy hit a cannonball, and the poplar was interrupted by a click. On November 12, that year, Dashiqiao was finally captured, and Liu Ying, the 32nd division commander of the Third Kuomintang Army, was captured alive in the bridge hole. After nearly a week of rest, You Deshun left Shijiazhuang. "The company commander said before leaving, that the blood of our company soldiers is not in vain, and the people of Shijiazhuang will definitely build it."

83-year-old Wang Zhongyu also experienced this history. In 1947, 13-year-old Wang Zhongyu moved with his parents to Jifuli Hutong (now around Fukang Road). On the morning of November 12, hearing a rush of knock, Wang Zhongyu opened the door boldly. "The person who took the lead said that he was called Li Luwen, and he was a People's Liberation Army. They made a round in my house and finally told my father to cut a hole in the western wall of our yard." Wang Zhongyu later learned that It was to penetrate the large stone bridge occupied by the enemy from the east. The soldiers drilled through the holes where only one person could pass, and soon fired at the enemy with constant gunfire. At noon that day, news came that the PLA had captured Dashiqiao.

In 1987, the city government rebuilt the Dashiqiao. In 2016, Dashiqiao was renovated again. (Reporter Hu Yanshicong / Wen Shishengquan / Photo)

Editor-in-chief: Chen Hong_DW103

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