Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 30th, title: Promote consumption, stabilize foreign trade, and stabilize foreign investment. Do so in 2020
Xinhua News Agency reporters Chen Weiwei and Wang Yuxiao
Promote consumption, stabilize foreign trade, and stabilize foreign investment. How effective will it be in 2019? How to do it in 2020? At the media briefing of the 2019 National Business Work Conference held on the 30th, the heads of relevant departments of the Ministry of Commerce responded to hot issues in the business field.
Promote consumption expansion and quality improvement
The 2019 National Business Working Conference proposed that to promote stable consumption growth in 2020, it is necessary to increase urban consumption, promote the upgrading of pedestrian streets, and improve automobile consumption policies; expand rural consumption, promote e-commerce into rural areas, and improve urban and rural logistics distribution systems; promote service consumption, Promote the improvement and expansion of domestic service.
Wang Bin, deputy director of the Market Operations Department of the Ministry of Commerce, said that the total retail sales of social consumer goods in China is expected to exceed the 40 trillion yuan mark for the first time in 2019, reaching 41.1 trillion yuan, an increase of 8% over the previous year. The contribution rate of consumption to economic growth More than 60% will become the first driving force for economic growth for 6 consecutive years.
The automobile is an important area to promote consumption. Hu Jianping, deputy director of the Department of Market Construction of the Ministry of Commerce, said that the Ministry of Commerce will focus on the entire chain of automobile circulation to promote the optimization and upgrade of automobile consumption. In terms of new cars, continue to improve the automobile consumption environment. In the field of second-hand cars, we will promptly revise the Measures for the Administration of Second-hand Car Circulation. With regard to scrapped motor vehicles, the implementation details of the measures for the management of scrapped motor vehicles recycling should be promulgated. In the automotive aftermarket, we will actively study and promote development policy measures such as automobile modification, events, culture, and tourism, and deepen the potential of the automotive aftermarket.
In the field of service consumption, Wu Guoyi, the director of the Department of Service and Trade of the Ministry of Commerce, said that 2020 will promote catering consumption and increase the scale and level of skilled personnel in the catering industry; Consumption of services and construction of convenient service circles.
Promote high-quality development of foreign trade
According to Li Xinggan, director of the Foreign Trade Department of the Ministry of Commerce, since the beginning of this year, China has issued timely measures to stabilize foreign trade, and has worked hard to reduce the burden on enterprises, create a good trading environment, and stabilize the overall situation of foreign trade development.
"It is expected that the scale of foreign trade for the whole year will be stable at more than 30 trillion yuan, which is likely to exceed the scale of last year and hit a new high." Li Xinggan said that from a horizontal comparison, China ’s export growth rate is higher than the overall level of major global economies.
At the same time, the quality of foreign trade development continues to improve. Li Xinggan introduced that the main force of private enterprises has a prominent role, the general trade contribution has increased, the international market layout has become more reasonable, and the export of high-tech, high-quality, and high-value-added products has grown rapidly.
Li Xinggan said that in 2020, it is necessary to deeply optimize the layout of the international market, consolidate traditional markets, expand emerging markets, and support enterprises to develop a number of key markets. Optimize commodity structure and trade methods, and effectively enhance the independent development of trade. At the same time, actively foster new formats and models of foreign trade, and promote the construction and development of cross-border e-commerce comprehensive test zones. We will expand trials of market procurement and trade methods, and promote processing trade upgrading and gradient transfer. In addition, it is necessary to cultivate a number of import trade promotion innovation demonstration zones, promote balanced development of imports and exports, promote balanced development of the east, central, and western regions, build a higher level of open economy, and strive to maintain and maintain a stable growth trend in foreign trade.
In the field of service trade, Guoyi Yi said that in 2020, it is necessary to actively expand service exports and deepen the experimental development of service trade innovation; further promote the opening up of service trade, study and formulate a national version of the cross-border service trade negative list; and improve the service trade statistical monitoring system.
Stability and expansion of foreign investment
According to Zong Changqing, director of the Foreign Affairs Department of the Ministry of Commerce, from January to November, the actual use of foreign capital nationwide was 845.94 billion yuan, an increase of 6% year-on-year; equivalent to 124.39 billion dollars, an increase of 2.6% year-on-year. It is expected to grow by about 5% in Renminbi and about 2% in US Dollars throughout the year.
Zong Changqing said that in 2019, China's independent opening-up measures are numerous, vigorous, and deep-rooted, forming a "combination fist" for expanding opening up and attracting foreign investment, stabilizing foreign investment confidence and expectations, and effectively ensuring the goal of stabilizing foreign investment throughout the year. Implementation.
At present, China's situation of attracting foreign investment is complicated and severe. Zong Changqing analyzed that the total amount of global multinational investment is still at a relatively low level, the competition for attracting foreign capital is becoming increasingly fierce, and the uncertainty of foreign investment stabilization has increased. In general, however, the basic trend of China's economic stability and long-term improvement has not changed. Attracting foreign investment has a comprehensive competitive advantage. China is still an important investment destination for most multinational companies.
How to stabilize and expand the use of foreign capital in 2020? Zong Changqing introduced that it is necessary to grasp the implementation of the existing policies and further enhance the sense of gain for foreign-funded enterprises; continue to reduce the negative list, supplement the encouragement list, and further expand market access through "one minus one increase"; do a good job of the foreign investment law The implementation of its regulations, the comprehensive cancellation of foreign investment approval and filing in the business sector, the implementation of an information reporting system, and efforts to create a market-oriented, rule-of-law, and international business environment; the establishment of a sound foreign investment service system and the complaint mechanism for foreign-funded enterprises to effectively maintain foreign investment Enterprise legal rights.
"Through these measures, we must further enhance the confidence, expectation, and sense of gain of foreign investment in China, and truly make foreign investors willing to come, enter, retain, and develop well." Zong Changqing said.
Editor-in-chief: Zhang Qing_DW003
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