Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 30th, title: Ensuring the rich variety of festive tables and stable prices-Relevant departments and local officials talk about the supply situation of "vegetable basket" products
Xinhua News Agency reporter Yu Wenjing
With the New Year's Day and the Spring Festival approaching, the supply of meat, eggs, milk, fish, fruits and vegetables has become a topic of concern to the people. What is the current supply and price situation of "vegetable basket" products? How does the relevant department guarantee the festive table? At the press conference held by the State Council Information Office on the 30th, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and local officials answered hot issues of public concern.
Holiday meat supply is generally adequate
A small "vegetable basket" is about people's livelihood. According to the monitoring by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, with the implementation of the policy to promote the recovery of pig production, the contradiction between pork supply and demand has eased since November. The average national pork wholesale market price was 42.89 yuan / kg on December 27, down 18.15% from the peak price on November 1. At the same time, prices of chicken, beef, mutton, eggs, etc. have weakened steadily, and the market supply of fruits and vegetables is generally abundant.
Yu Kangzhen, deputy minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said at the press conference that due to multiple factors this year, the decline in pig production has led to tight pork supply and continued price increases, which has led to a certain degree of price increases for beef and mutton, poultry, and eggs.
Regarding the recent supply and price situation, he said that, with regard to pork, the effects of policies and measures promulgated by the central and local governments are gradually showing, coupled with market conditions, the national pig production has begun to bottom out and rebound. In November, the national live pigs and fertile sows will increase by 2% and 4% respectively.
In terms of other meats and products, the wholesale prices of chicken, beef, mutton and eggs in November rose 20% to 30% year-on-year, and the price of aquatic products fell 2.6%. Recently, as the price of pigs has stabilized, the prices of chicken, beef and mutton, eggs, etc. have weakened steadily.
Yu Kangzhen said that because of raising pigs in the early stage, the weight of live pigs has been increased. Central and local governments at all levels have successively put on the market the reserve meat. In addition to the recent increase in imported pork, beef and mutton, poultry, poultry eggs, and aquatic products The same amount of full price is stable, the meat market supply is generally sufficient during the "two festivals", and the price will be generally stable.
Various departments and departments take various measures to protect the festive table
The "vegetable basket" products are related to the happiness of the people. In order to keep prices stable, various localities and departments are actively adopting a series of measures.
Yu Kangzhen said that the central and local governments have promulgated policies and measures to speed up the restoration of pig production, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has strengthened departmental coordination and urged local governments to decompose and implement the three-year target of the restoration of pig production. In the next step, we will strengthen scheduling and supervision to ensure that the 17 support policies issued by the state are effective.
In order to "happiness on the tongue", large and medium-sized cities across the country have stepped up their efforts to strengthen implementation measures.
Han Jingyi, deputy mayor of Xiamen City, said at the press conference that Xiamen included the work of "vegetable baskets" as a private real-life project and a performance evaluation of government departments. Efforts will be made to improve production and supply capacity through "modern production", "diversified layout" to improve market circulation capacity, "full-process supervision" to strengthen safety management and control capabilities, and "precision regulation" to enhance market security capabilities.
Liming, vice mayor of Guangzhou, said that Guangzhou arranged special funds to support the construction of production bases. The self-sufficiency rate of vegetables reached 100%, the self-sufficiency rate of aquatic products reached 77%, and the self-sufficiency rate of poultry and fruits reached 60%. At the same time, encourage circulation, strengthen regulatory capacity, and vigorously advance the construction of the "baskets" project in the Greater Bay Area.
According to Niu Qingbao, deputy mayor of Chengdu, Chengdu and counties and cities have completed the pork reserve plan. The temporary price subsidy linkage mechanism will be activated in a timely manner, and the price trend of "vegetable basket" products will be closely monitored to strengthen quality and safety supervision and crack down. Illegal and illegal behaviors and standardize market order.
Effectively implement the Mayor Responsibility System for "Vegetable Baskets"
Whether the "vegetable basket" work can be carried out directly will directly affect the supply of agricultural products. Yu Kangzhen said that in 2017, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Vegetable Basket" mayor responsible for the system of assessment. In 2019, led by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, in conjunction with 10 "vegetable basket" food management inter-ministerial joint meeting members such as the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, etc., are responsible for the 36 mayoral "vegetable basket" mayors of 36 cities including municipalities directly under the Central Government, planned cities, and provincial capitals The implementation of the system was evaluated for the first time (the evaluation period was 2017-2018).
On the whole, the Mayor of the Vegetable Basket has played an important role in ensuring urban supply, stabilizing market prices, and improving the quality of life since the implementation of the responsible system assessment. 36 cities strongly supported the development of the agricultural industry. The total area and total output of vegetable cultivation in 2018 increased by 3.2% and 2.5% over the 3-year average from 2015 to 2017, and the overall pass rate of quality inspection of "vegetable basket" products reached above 97%. The price increase is within 5%.
Yu Kangzhen said that the self-sufficiency of "vegetable basket" products also declined in some cities, the construction of the origin market system was lagging, the cold chain logistics shortcomings were obvious, the quality and safety supervision capacity needed to be improved, and there were weak or even neglected production guarantees for "vegetable basket" products. tendency.
Tang Ke, the director of the Department of Market and Information Technology of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that the next step will be to start with the application of the assessment results, improve the indicator system, strengthen the assessment and inspection, and urge local governments to compact the "basket" mayor responsibility system and strengthen the "basket" project. Construction, give play to the role of ensuring supply, price stability, and promoting people's livelihood.
Editor-in-chief: Zhang Qing_DW003
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